Białowieza, it’s Polish village which is located in the Hajnowka district and the Podlasie Voivodeship, right by the border with Belarus. The village is quite large and is counting almost 3 thousand inhabitants what is granting her character of the small town. Through areas of the village a Narewka River is flowing. It is worthwhile mentioning Bialowieza for two reasons. First it is of course, Bialowieza National Park which is surroundings area, and which is famous for breeding bison. Bialowieza is a place of the seat of the board of directors of the park and a specific gate to it. The other reasons are character and attractions of this place.
The primitive man stayed on these areas in the Paleolithic period, about 5 thousand years ago. These lands for the entire period of the development of Slav constantly surrendered to invasion as a result of fights between oneself of nearby duchies. Only about the XII century on these areas a manor farm and a residence of the king of the Wladyslaw Vasa IV were made. The king lived in the palace but it wasn’t his only residence on these areas.
The next put August Saxon III about hundred years later. Under his reign the village counted 20 houses. Next from the III portioning in 1975 for finishing the II World War these lands still were harassed with fights, at first insurrectionary, then guerilla, Soviet and during last war with German air raids. After the war as a result of the division of the Bialowieza Forest the village was permanently within of Poland.
Bialowieza, at least is little village, not having a city charter, in history played major part. As evidence of this are remaining here monuments which are symbolizing former living of not only kings but also average inhabitants. To basic attractions it is possible to rank the obelisk on the palace weir commemorating the famous hunt of king of Poland and the Saxon elector, the parish Orthodox of Nicholas Wonder-Worker and with the unusually interesting iconostasis, the farm palace gate and Palace Park of the project of Walerian Kronenberg – only remains all over the ancient landed estate, Dyrekcyjny Park, and a railway station dating from beginnings of the XX century, the old presbytery, stables and the locomotive shed, two old houses: jagierski and hofmarszalski, the open-air ethnographic museum and the Roman Catholic Church from the beginning of the XX century.
A nature is a main purpose of arriving here quite large numbers of tourists. A natural and uncontaminated green of the park and the Bialowieza Forest attracts everyone. Local authorities and inhabitants are well-prepared for tourist invasions. Above all there is a rich tourist accommodation here, including four still extended hotels, boarding houses, inns and a dozen so farm tourism households. There are 44 thousand of accommodation to disposal annually. Tourists are arriving here in relaxation aims and to practise the active leisure. For them are preparer bicycles routes, walking, horses, as well as canoeing flows. Also a Showpiece Reserve of European bison is of special importance.