Cracow is one of the most beautiful Polish cities, with the tradition dating back to over 1000 years backwards. Everyone who was at least once in this city won’t forget the impression are leaving a local climate of old castle walls, a hill on the Wawel with the cave of the dragon stretching out right on the lazily flowing Vistula, charming market with the very beautiful Mariacki Church and plenty of neat green. It is hard to talk about monuments of Cracow because almost the entire city is as one great monument. Perhaps one should exclude only modern residential housing estates from this area but still it is worth the entire city centre of admiring during family walks.
The history of Cracow was bound by a lot of hundreds of years with the power that is this history constituted the residence of the Polish kings as the capital city of the state. The first mentions of the city are dating as far back as the end of the X century although tracks of earlier settlements on this area are far older. From 1000 in Cracow a bishopric functioned and for decades on the throne of Wawel Wladyslaw Lokietek, Kazimierz Wielki or Zygmunt I seated. Here coronations took place in the castle chapel, here from the initiative of the king Kazimierz III an Academy of Crakow came into existence, one of the oldest colleges in the country. Here a famous bell “Zygmunt” was smelted, a Mariacki Church was built, in which Wit Stwosz put his famous altar. In Cracow Draper’s hall came into existence burnt and rebuilt in the middle of the XVI century. Here numerous orders finally stayed, including Jesuits and Observants. Cracow was a capital city of Poland to the beginning of the XVII century when a king Zygmunt III unofficially moved it to Warsaw changing the place of the permanent stay simultaneous.
Cracow is above all a city of churches. In very city is its over 120 and a majority is historic buildings, having hundreds of years. Apart from the Mariacki Church on the Main Market XIV centuries buildings are enrapturing, Church of the Corpus Christi, St Katherine’s Alexandrine Church, St Margaret’s Church, St Waclaw’s Cathedral and St Stanislaw Church, the row of churches from the XI century and of the ones older, already after moving the capital city. Very city centre is of course the most important and biggest square i.e. a Main Market. Here it is possible to admire the famous Draper’s hall, the Mariacki Church, the town hall tower, St Wojciech’s church and about 40 medieval tenements. A Draper’s halls are deserving the special attention as they were the first in the history of the city of the centre commercial. The name derives from cloth, built at Wladyslaw’s Wstydliwy recommendation as the row of stone separated structures stalls with small streets. The object gained the today’s form after the reconstruction in the XVI century and the contemporary architect granted the more artistic appearance him adding the arcade attic and mascarons. A Short Market is supplementing the main square of Cracow with the row of historic buildings. Remains of fortifications are still surrounding the city, which the Barbican is seen amongst. There is an also famous Florianska Gate and a few kept towers.
Cracow Course of Technology
Cracow also offers to its guests only meeting the history of the development in Poland by the possibility techniques from different fields, so as the fire brigade, the gas industry, the electrification, the communication or construction of bridges. The Cracow Course of Technology includes 16 situated in the dense city centre and neighbourhood close to it, standing out on account of their exceptional historical and architectural meaning objects. The majority of these objects were built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries but apart from architectural advantages he has also museum sets allowing for making themselves acquainted with contemporary technicians. The trail includes such objects, as: a railway station, the Factory of Schindler, the foothill power station, the urban gasworks, bridges Podgorski and Pilsudski, the railroad flyover by Gorzecka, watchtowers firefighting, the power station of the urban theatre, the road culvert, the Zieleniewski Smithy, the Cracow power station, the historic tram depot, Wislana Boulevards, the Brewery of the Gotzow family and a few different.
Parks and gardens
There are municipal parks in Cracow like in every bigger city, but with the one which peculiarly is not only in Poland known there is a Cracow Green Belt. It is urban park in Cracow surrounding the old town, coming into existence in years 1822-1830. The Green Belt came into existence on the place of fortifications surrounding the city: of curtain walls and the moat laid on their outskirts and earth embankments. Outside the city centre two different known and popular parks are: the Park of Pilots of Poland and the Jordan Park. In both playgrounds, bicycle lanes and for rollerbladers are found. Also a special Garden of Experience is situated in a Park of Pilots where is taking place experimental of fixing. Next with ornament of the Jordan Park is a little pond, after which it is possible to sail boat and a bandstand. In Cracow it isn’t possible to forget theses about Vistula river common lands and about gardens botanical and zoological.
A Cracow Aqueous Park is opening its doors to tourists and the inhabitants craving for the relaxation. Three swimming pools are in it about the surface of 2 thousand square metres what is classifying the park on the top one spot in the country. Additional aqueous attractions there is a plenty, including different positions of the hydromassage the jacuzzi, the rapid river, counter-currents or saunas. There are also places for practising water sports: of the basketball, the volleyball and the water polo, as well as rainbow footpath to walking after water and of course as many as 8 different slides. Something will also be found for lovers of the shopping. Cracow is abounding with galleries and shopping centres, and to most well-known it is possible to rank Bonarka the Gallery of Crakow, in which about 270 commercial-culinary points were opened and cinemas also.
Weekday of the city
For tourists of Cracow it is the city full of the attraction. Here hundreds of trips are winding on and the hubbub of amused visitors sounds on the market. Around is a lot of cafés and small shops with souvenirs. A little bit differently Cracow small streets look. Narrow, classical, developed with old tenements, in which it is possible to find both artistic galleries and modern shops. There are many restaurants here and extremely popular Wierzynek. Names of streets still are referring to historical times and around it is possible to come across a lot of guild signs, such symbols typical for the city. For the ones which value the peace walks remain on the Vistula or voyage on pleasure craft. It is possible also to sit down on the bench amongst luxuriant green and from a distance to enjoy a panorama of the city.